One of the key lines of defence our body has to fight against bacteria, chemicals and viruses is our skin. It also helps us to maintain the right temperature as well as moisture levels. However, unfortunately, not everyone’s skin is the same. Many individuals experience various skin conditions like oily or dry or sensitive skin, therefore affecting the right treatment. Furthermore, the stage of our lives is also a very important factor, affecting the risk of the conditions above. One of the ways of dealing with those risks is to treat the flare-ups properly and timely to avoid any long-lasting damage.
Therefore, the following article provides an overview of what those conditions are and what treatments can be used to effectively treat those conditions.
What is Acne?
Whenever you ask someone what acne is, the chances are that the most common answer will be either spread of red face post or indentations on cheeks from acne scarring. These symptoms of acne are relatively severe but however, not uncommon. In reality, a significant proportion of people will experience acne to a lesser extent, with the majority of nearly 85% experiencing the condition between the age of 12 and 24. Therefore, acne can be classified as a common skin condition that occurs when hair follicles are blocked with dead skin or oil. As a result, pimples or cysts or blackheads occur on the face or even other parts of the body like the chest or back. However, these outbreaks are commonly caused by hormonal imbalances and therefore most prevalent among teenagers.
How to Treat Acne
Usually, acne is much less common once the individual grows out of the teenage stage while also treating acne correctly. Therefore, it is important to know that if acne is left untreated. It could lead to scars that are permanent if not treated promptly and properly.
Therefore, to treat acne, you can use the following:
The good news is that there are many clinically proven and effective acne treatments available on the market that can be divided into the following categories:
- Widely available over-the-counter products – typical treatments like Adapalene or Differing are popular topical treatments that come in different forms like cream or gel. The active ingredients in those products usually include anti-inflammatory medicine which helps to efficiently control the formation of whiteheads and blackheads while also restoring and maintaining the skin’s natural texture and tone on daily basis.
- Prescription medication – some treatments like Epiduo Gel synergise two elements – benzoyl peroxide and adapalene, which creates a strong antiseptic that controls the growth of bacteria on the skin and targeting the overproduction of sebum, which is a common cause of acne for many individuals. This prescription treatment is very effective and can even provide results after a week of the first application.
Other ways to help clear acne:
In addition to the medications, you can also alter your skincare routine as well as your lifestyle to improve the effectiveness of the treatment.
- Avoid washing the acne area more than twice a day. Too frequently and aggressive washing could lead to skin irritation and worsen the condition further. Instead, use mild soap and warm water to gently wash the skin.
- Try to improve the quality of your sleep to reduce the impact of stress received, which is proved to be a contributing factor to acne.
- Adjust your diet by consuming slow-burn carbohydrates which will reduce the number of sudden insulin level spikes, reducing the acne symptoms
- Make sure to stay well-hydrated by consuming plenty of water to get rid of the toxins from your body while also assisting your metabolism
What is Eczema?
While eczema is not as common as acne, it still affects 1 child in 5 in the UK. The key characteristics of the condition include skin itchiness and irritation, usually accompanied by dry skin. The area affected by eczema can range from small patches to more widespread areas. Also symptoms like red inflammation or purple/grey areas, depending on the colour of the skin. The key reason behind this dryness of the skin is that is unable to maintain moisture levels, making it more susceptible to triggers like irritants (e.g. soaps or shampoos), environmental impacts (cold or dry weather or allergens) as well as hormonal changes.
How to Treat Eczema?
Unfortunately, there is no treatment option that could cure eczema for good. However, there are many eczema treatment options that could help to manage the symptoms and the discomfort as well as lifestyle adjustments to minimise the impact of the condition
When it comes to treating eczema, there are various medicinal treatments you can refer to like:
- Topical Corticosteroids – these treatments have anti-inflammatory properties that target the redness and the itchiness of the affected area. These can come in different forms like creams or ointments. Considering ointments are oil-based, they take longer to be absorbed and therefore provide eczema relief over longer periods of time.
- Emollients – these treatments usually include moisturising properties to hydrate and soothe the skin in many different forms like creams or sprays or lotions and even soap substitutes. These include treatments like Dermol 500 with antimicrobial emollient or E45 range which provides multiple solutions to eczema symptoms
- Antihistamines – antihistamine tablets like hay fever relief medication can be taken to reduce the severe itching.
Other ways to manage eczema:
Similarly to acne, there are some lifestyle adjustments that can be adopted to manage the outbreak:
- Try to avoid scratching the itchy affected areas in order to prevent further damage to the skin which could make it even more prone to more eczema.
- Try to minimise the exposure to eczema triggers like some material fibres as well environmental conditions. Try to keep your room cool to avoid heat which tends to aggravate eczema. Also, stick to soft clothing made out of natural materials like cotton.
- Use specially designed soaps that do not irritate your skin
- Regulate your diet. For example, eggs and milk are known triggers of eczema. It is worth trying to reduce the intake of those ingredients to check whether they are the key triggers.