DNA is the fundamental unit of life. The paternity test is significant for determining the biological father of a person. It is the same as that of a DNA test. Blood of swab of a person is taken to decide to do the test. One can do this with the help of the medication team or in a home. If one needs the result for the legal process, one should do this with a formal medical team. The tests show accurate results. The two ways of error-free testing are
- Blood test: These tests are performed directly by taking blood samples of father and child. And these are taken from the lab for fast and efficient analysis. The result will come within hours.
- Swabs: samples of swabs of both father and child are taken from the lab by using cotton. And check that, after the process, they will send the results.
Generally, these tests are for seeking custody of a child or getting inheritance property etc. And these tests help to check about some genital diseases. And the paternity testing kit in any medical store or online store. By taking blood or swabs, the testers do a lot of tests. They check if there are any possibilities of matching the two samples. There is any match that occurs during this DNA sequence that results in paternity. And the test can also be carried out secretly without the knowledge of a second person through analysing the DNA present in toothbrushes or racers. A paternity test can also be done during pregnancy by different methods. They are,
In this method, amniotic fluid is collected by using a needle. And the DNA compares with that and checks paternity. The disadvantage of this method is that it makes a way to miscarriage.
Non Invasive prenatal paternity test
This method can only be done in the first trimester. In this test, the blood sample of pregnant women is needed. And from the lab, the blood is checked with the father’s cells.
Chorionic villus sampling
Taking a sample of tissue from the placenta, and a lab specialist checks that with another cell.
DNA profiling is used for identifying the characteristics present in one’s DNA. This method is very beneficial for identifying criminals and thieves during the investigation. It is also efficient for studying animals and plants. The DNA sample can be accessed from blood, saliva, semen etc. The significant step involved in DNA profiling is extraction. By using efficient methods, the DNA is extracted from saliva, blood or any other. After extraction, it must be purified by appropriate things. Some DNA extraction methods are phenol-chloroform extraction,solid-phase extraction,differential extraction etc. By analysing the DNA of a person, one can analyse the genetic functions and growth. In Australia, lots of crimes are found with its help. This is valid evidence in Australian courts. Through this, one can do a sibling DNA test, sisters test, brothers test etc.
DNA twin testing
Through these, the chances of birth of multiple children can be identified. The laboratories in Australia provide fast and accurate results by analysing these. One can contact any lab for sending DNA test kits. Or can buy collection kits from any drug store. After collecting DNA cells at home, send these to the labs online. And after checking these by the specialists. They send the result online.
Bloodstain analysis has a significant role in forensic science. For finding or reaching a conclusion in crime scenes, stain analysis is used. In certain crime scenes, the presence of blood helps to figure out or reconstruct the crime scene.